Four Influences on Year 10 Career Planning in Rural Western Australia


  • Dale Mason Edith Cowan University
  • Keneth Stevens Victoria University of Wellington New Zealand



career planning, year 12 retention, influences


This study was undertaken in a small rural community in Western Australia which is referred to by the pseudonym "Westarup". The school was chosen for a variety of reasons: particularly the fact that it does not provide full secondary education to years eleven aud twelve and the community's relative isolation and proximity to larger centres. Westarup is situated approximately three hundred kilometres from Perth aud witIlin a predominantly rural area of Western Australia. The population is approximately 500 (1986 census) - mainly in the 0-14 aud 30-49 age groups. There is the one secondary district high school in the community and students pursuing Tertiary Entrauce Examination subjects must leave the district. Most go to boarding schools in one of the larger coastal centres. Nearly all of the 30 students who completed year ten in 1990 continued to year eleven. Almost all students indicated that they intended to complete their secondary education to year twelve in spite of the fact that this would mean doing so in a school in a larger community. This contrasts with an earlier study in Queensland in which only 11 out of a sample of 30 year ten rural school leavers indicated that they intended to continue their formal education beyond the minimum leaving age. It is likely that reduced career opportunities for young people without full secondary education together with high unemployment have influenced these educational decisions.




How to Cite

Mason, D., & Stevens, K. (1993). Four Influences on Year 10 Career Planning in Rural Western Australia. Australian and International Journal of Rural Education, 3(1), 25–28.